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(Download CFMA Template) The Income Statement: Measuring Profit & Loss in Construction

Updated: Jun 26

For a construction business owner, the income statement serves as a key tool for financial evaluation. It's a financial document that offers a clear picture of your company's profitability by detailing revenue and expenses. In the construction industry, the income statement has its own specificities, including direct and indirect costs, construction overhead, and profit. This article will delve into the details of the income statement and why it's crucial for your business.

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What is an Income Statement?

An income statement, also known as a profit and loss statement, is a critical financial report. It reveals how much money a company made and spent over a specific period. This document represents the company's financial activities, showing revenues, costs, and expenses. The final figure, the net income, indicates the profit. Typically, companies prepare this statement monthly or annually.

This is one of the three most important business reports that a company makes. A company's balance sheet shows what it owns and what it owes. The cash flow statement shows how cash came into and went out of the company.

What Does an Income Statement Include?

The process of preparing an income statement involves listing all your sources of revenue and expenses. You then calculate subtotals and arrive at the net income. The income statement includes several key components:

  • Sales/Revenue: This is the total income generated from your construction activities.

  • Cost of Goods Sold (COGS): These are the direct costs related to the production or delivery of goods in a company.

  • Gross Profit: This is the total Sales/Revenue minus the COGS.

  • Net Income: Net income is the final number you see at the end of an income statement. This number tells you the profit your company made during a certain period. If this number is negative, it means your company had a net loss

Why Income Statements Matter

The income statement serves several crucial roles in a construction business:

  • It allows you to check your financial performance over a specific period.

  • It helps you track costs and identify areas to cut expenses.

  • It provides necessary information to shareholders about the company's profitability.

  • It ensures compliance with financial reporting requirements.

how to prepare an income statement

What are the Expense Types in a Construction Income Statement?

  • Direct Expenses: These costs link directly to the construction work. They include labor and materials. They also cover subcontractors, equipment, permits, and land purchases.

  • Overhead Expenses: These are also known as indirect costs. They aren't linked to a specific project but are necessary. These costs include warehouse labor and equipment repairs. General insurance is also an overhead expense.

  • Administrative Expenses: These costs are for back-office functions. They cover office staff salaries and payroll processing. Utilities and insurance are also part of administrative expenses.

Dive Deeper With the CFMA Income Statement Template

Understanding income statements is important. But having a real-world template is even better. The Construction Financial Management Association, or CFMA, has one for you. They have a construction income statement example. You can find it on page 4 of their document. It helps explain income statements for construction businesses.

The CFMA template offers a comprehensive breakdown, from revenues and direct costs to overheads and profit. It offers a clear, step-by-step example that makes it easier to create and understand your income statement.

Ready to take your understanding to the next level? We invite you to download the CFMA's income statement template today. Use it as a reference for your own income statement. It's a resource designed to make your financial management smoother and more effective.

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Partner with CCA for Your Construction Accounting Needs

At Construction Cost Accounting (CCA), we understand the complexity of construction finances. That's why we offer specialized construction bookkeeping services. Our goal is to assist you in creating and maintaining precise income statements.

Our team has lots of experience. We can help you understand your income statement. We can show you how to use it for growth. We can help spot patterns and possible problems. We also provide solutions. Our goal is to give you the tools to understand your finances.

When you work with CCA, you can save time. You can focus on your main construction tasks. We'll handle the numbers while you build amazing things.

Are you prepared to bolster your understanding of your company's financial health? Schedule a 15-minute consultation with us today. Let's collaborate to secure a robust financial future for your construction business.

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In Conclusion

An income statement is more than just a tally of revenues and expenses. It's a strategic tool that, when used effectively, can unlock insights, spur growth, and ensure the financial health of your construction business. Understanding what it is and what to include is crucial to your business's success.

With the CFMA template and this guide, you're well on your way to mastering the income statement. But remember, help is always at hand. If you're unsure about anything or need professional assistance, don't hesitate to contact our team at Construction Cost Accounting.

Because at the end of the day, managing a construction business should be about construction, not struggling with complex financial statements. Let us handle the books while you create remarkable buildings. We can't wait to help your business grow and be successful.

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