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Balance Sheet vs Profit & Loss Account for Construction Accounting

Updated: Jun 26, 2023

The two important parts of the construction financial statement are the Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss account. Without the preparation of these two entities, the financial statement cannot be reported, and even the readers of the statement are not able to clearly understand the construction company’s position. Hence, due regard is to be given by every company in the preparation of the two. However, people don’t understand them very clearly and notice problems in distinguishing the two terms.

Balance Sheet

  • Meaning: A statement that shows the company's assets, liabilities, and equity at a specific date

  • Time frame: Financial condition on a certain date

  • Type: Statement

  • Information disclosed: Assets, liabilities, and capital of shareholders

  • The sequence of preparation: It is prepared after the preparation of the Profit & Loss Account

Profit & Loss Account

  • Meaning: Account that shows the company's revenue and expenses over a period of time

  • Time frame: Financial changes during the period

  • Type: Account

  • Information disclosed: Income, expenses, gains, and losses

  • The sequence of preparation: It is prepared before the preparation of the Balance Sheet

Key Differences between Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss Account

  1. The Balance Sheet is prepared at a particular date, usually the end of the financial year while the Profit and Loss account is prepared for a particular period.

  2. The Balance Sheet reveals the entity’s financial position, whereas the Profit and Loss account discloses the entity’s financial performance.

  3. A Balance Sheet gives an overview of the assets, equity, and liabilities of the company, but the Profit and Loss account is a depiction of the entity’s revenue and expenses.

  4. The significant difference between the two entities is that the Balance Sheet is a statement while the Profit and Loss account is an account.

  5. The Balance sheet is prepared on the basis of the balances transferred from the Profit and Loss account.


The Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss Account have significance in construction accounting. A Balance Sheet enables contractors of the financial statement to clearly understand the entity’s financial stability, liquidity, and solvency. The Profit and Loss Account is helpful in comparison to the performance of the construction company. The two terms consist of items of different natures, and that is why the chances of getting confused between them are very less.

If you need any advice or services on any aspects of construction bookkeeping, accounting, or tax, our construction accounting specialists are ready to help. Get in touch with us for a free quote.

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